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Wear a helmet!

Roll with proper head protection

by Betsy Lynch

photo of a child in seat on back of a bicycle who is helping their mom fastern her helmetTrying to persuade someone to wear a helmet while biking, boarding, or scootering can feel like an uphill climb. Arguments against putting on protective headgear: helmets are uncomfortable; helmets are ugly; sweaty, messy ‘helmet hair’; I’m only taking a short ride/casual ride/staying on the bike path. Argument in favor of wearing a helmet: it lowers the rider’s risk of a skull fracture, traumatic brain injury — even death.

Accidents happen. Boy, do they. According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), more than 425,00 bicyclists went to U.S. emergency rooms in 2020; 1,260 of them died. Yet statistical reviews over the last 20 years suggest that helmet use has reduced severe head injuries by 60 percent or more, as detailed in a National Safety Council report.

Materials used in most of today’s helmets are engineered to absorb much of the impact in the event of a fall or collision, protecting your head and brain. Consumers can use the CPSC guide “Which Helmet for Which Activity?” to learn which helmets meet safety standards for cycling, snow sports, skateboarding, in-line skating, horseback riding, water sports, and more at

Helmet choices are not always clear-cut though, like when deciding what to pair with your new electric bike or e-scooter. Keep in mind, the potential for serious brain and facial injuries increases as traveling speeds increase. Experts at Apollo Scooters recommend moped, BMX, or ‘halo’ style helmets for riders navigating in traffic, on pavement, or exceeding 15 miles per hour on e-wheels. Given the risks, you need more head, face, mouth, and eye protection than standard cycling or skateboarding helmets provide.

Helmet care and replacement

Helmets can get dirty and smelly. Hand wash with mild soap and water. Then rinse, air dry, and store in a cool, dry place, away from sunlight. Replace removable pads as needed.

Product safety experts recommend that helmets be replaced every 3 to 5 years to ensure materials retain their shock-absorbing properties. But whenever a helmet takes a hit, it should be retired immediately — even if there’s no obvious damage. Use it as a chance to upgrade. Skiers, boarders, cyclists, and equestrians can take advantage of added safety features like Mips — multi-directional impact protection system, which is a low-friction layer  inside the helmet designed to help redirect forces away from the head in a crash. To see which helmets offer the best protection, a lab at Virginia Tech conducts independent impact tests and publishes yearly helmet ratings at

Remember, proper fit is essential (see sidebar). A helmet that is too loose or doesn’t sit right on your head can’t do its job. When renting bikes, boards, kayaks, and other equipment, say yes to helmet rental too. It’s a perfect opportunity to consult with pros, try before you buy, and protect your grey matter while enjoying your next adventure.

  1. Start early — provide a helmet the very first time your child gets on a trike, bike, scooter, skateboard, skates, skis, snowboard, or horse (and every ride thereafter).
  2. Matter-of-factly explain why they should wear a helmet and that it’s non-negotiable.
  3. Parents, set a good example. Always wear your own helmet, no exceptions.
  4. Make sure your helmet meets Consumer Product Safety Commission standards.
  5. Keep it fun. Let children choose and decorate their helmets.
  6. Form a neighborhood alliance and promote positive peer pressure among helmet-wearing kids and adults.

side-view photo of man in bike helmet showing perfect fitf Straight – Helmet should sit straight on the head at approximately eyebrow level in front.

Strap – Straps should be adjusted to form a “V” around the ears, with no more than a finger’s width between the chin strap and chin.

Snug – Helmet should fit snugly on the head (not easily shaken off) even when unbuckled.

Snap – Snap the buckle before getting underway.

~ Safe Kids Larimer County


Get your helmet fit checked by local experts (call for an appointment):

Safe kids larimer county

Educational classes and events for families to prevent accidental injury.

Website resources include the video “Safety in Seconds: Bike Helmet Fit Test” –

Get a voucher for a helmet with a $10 donation –